Author Topic: Chi and Martial Arts Dictionary (Koujiryuu)  (Read 12882 times)

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July 07, 2006, 05:24:44 PM
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Chi and Martial Arts Dictionary
compiled by Koujiryuu  2004 Not to be reposted without permission.

I've noticed lately that a lot of terminology used on the site could stand to be defined, so here it is: The Veritas Academy's Chi&MA dictionary, along with pronunciation where applicable. Enjoy.

Ai: Translated as "harmony," this term is most commonly associated with aikido, where one combines their energy with that of their opponents.

Aiki: "Harmony meeting." When one combines an opponents' energy with their own for control.

Aikido: A martial art developed by Uyeshiba Morihei in the 1930's. Based on aikijutsu, aikido is considered a non-agressive art, using the opponents' energy against them.

Aikijutsu: "Technique of harmonious spirit." A branch of ancient jujutsu from which aikido was developed.

Aite: "Opponent" or "partner." An adversary in a contest.

Antei: "Balance," "stability," or "equilibrium."

Ba Duan Jin (pa*doo*on*jeen)- Literally "8 pieces of brocade", A series of 8 zhan zhuang postures reknown for the ability to sink the qi into the dantian
Bagua or Pa Kua (pa*koo*ah)- 8 Trigrams

Baguazhang or Pa Kua Chang (pa*koo*ah*jang) - "8 Trigrams Palm", a martial art

Bo: A wooden staff approximately six feet long. It is one of the five weapons systematized by the early Okinawan developers of te (hand), and originated with the poles used by farm people to balance heavy loads across the shoulders.

Budo: "Military way" or "way of fighting." A generic term encompassing all of the Japanese martial arts, which are largely 20th century offspring stemming from concepts that can first be positively identified about the mid-18th century.

Chakra- "Organ" of qi, place where qi can be refined within one's body or an area of great concentration of qi. Sanskrit, used primarily in psionics and yoga.

Chiang: "Spear." One of the major Chinese weapons practiced in wushu.

Chi sao: "Sticking hands." An exercise used in Wing Chun kung fu that develops sensitivity to the hands and arms.

Choong sim: Center of gravity.

Do: "Way" or "path." When this term is used as a suffix to a particular style of the Japanese martial arts, it is indicitive of more than just a means of combat. Do indicates a discipline and philosophy with moral and spiritual connotations, with the ultimate aim being enlightenment.

Dojo- A Japanese-style training centre, where martial arts are taught

Dojang- Korean equivilent of a dojo

Hara Kiri: Ritual Japanese suicide with a knife, practiced by the samurai warrior. This phrase is the informal word for seppuku.

Iai- sword drawing. The first character, I, suggests coexistence of body and spirit whereas the ai is similar to the character in aiki.

Iaido- The way of drawing the sword, often coupled with kenjutsu.

Jo: "Staff." A four foot long wooden staff.

Jujutsu: "Art of gentleness." Literally, the technique or the art of suppleness, gentleness. All of these terms, however, represent a single principle, a general method of applying a technique using the human body as a weapon in unarmed combat. Also known as jiu jitsu.

Jutsu: "Art." A term linking a fighting method with the bugei, or martial disciplines of war, rather than with the sporting or aesthetic practices of modern Japan.

Karate: "Empty hand" or "China hand." An unarmed method of combat in which all parts of the anatomy are used to punch, strike, kick or block.

Kundalini - Energy located in the muladhara, passes through all 7 chakras and reaches crown, known as ascension of kundalini. Rises through Sushumna: nadi, located in the centre of the body. It is also the nadi on which the chakras lie.

Judo - The Way of Gentleness, a way of combat emphasizing throws and joint locks instead of strikes.

Ken - sword, the first character in the title kenjutsu and/or kendo. Please note, however, there are at least 30 words for sword in the japanese language, which include katana, tachi, wakizashi, daisho, bokuto, tosu, tanto, aikuchi, and many others.

Kendo - The way of the sword.

Kenjutsu - The technique/system of the sword, swordsmanship.

Kiai - "Spirit meeting." A loud shout or yell of self-assertion most common to the Japanese and Okinawan martial disciplines.

Kwoon - A Chinese-style training centre, where kungfu is taught

Kung fu: A generic term for a majority of the Chinese martial arts. Kung fu has two major divisions. The southern styles display a clear preference for techniques of strength and power, whereas the northern styles employ soft, open movement.

Liu He Ba Fa Quan (lee*oo*hey*bah*fah*choo*won): Also known as "Water Boxing" or "Six Harmonies and Eight Methods Boxing", is referred to as the fourth internal system of Chinese Kung Fu.

JKD - Jeet Kune Do, the art developed by the late Sifu Bruce Lee, emphasizing fluidity and an "anything goes" mindset

Jin, Chin, or Jing (jeen)- Literally "essence". The sexual energy in the body, centered in the spleen or sexual organs, which can be refined through zhan zhuang and applied in internal martial arts like Taijiquan, where it is literally called "force" or "power". Chinese ideograms can have more than one meaning, unlike English words. One of the Three Treasures

Kwoon - A Chinese-style training centre, where kungfu is taught

MMA - "Mixed Martial Arts", the style of fighting usually used in NHB matches

Meridians - Passageways in the body that qi flows through, often similar to nerves.

Mu: "Nothing." The Zen nothingness or emptyness. This principle is often used in the Japanese martial arts to make one clear in the mind of all thought so the body will respond instantly to any situation.

Nadi: Sanskrit synonym for "meridian"

NHB - "No Holds Barred", fighting matches with the only rules being no biting or neck locks

O sensei: "Great teacher." The honorific prefix "o" attached the word sensei indicates respect and acknowledgement of the chief instructor of a system. Most commonly associated with Uyeshiba Morihei, founder of modern day Aikido.

Reiki - Japanese discipline of energetic healing, and argued by some, a method of indirect kundalini ascension.

Ryu: "Way," "school," or "method." A term used as a suffix after almost all styles of Japanese and Okinawan martial arts. Ryu basically means a formalized martial tradition under an established teacher and school.

Qi, Chi, or Ki (chee/kee)- The life force energy that exists in anything and everything, and makes the cosmos tick

Qigong or Chi Kung (chee*kung) - Literally "breath work", a Chinese form of energy manipulation

San Bao (san*bow) - Three Treasures of Man. Shen, Qi, and Jing

Samadhi - Enlightenment as per Hindu beliefs [subdivided bikalpa and nirbikalpa which mean partial and total respectively]

Seven Stars - head, shoulders, elbows, hands, hips, knees and feet

Siddhi - Supernatural ability achieved down the line of spiritual practice.

Shen - Spiritual Mind. One of the Three Treasures

Tae kwon do: "Way of hands and feet." The primary form of Korean unarmed combat, named during a conference of chung do kwan masters in 1955. It is considered the most popular martial art in the world.

Taiji, Tai Chi (tie*chee)- Great Ultimate. Yin-yang

Taijiquan or Tai Chi Chuan (tie*chee*chwon) - "Great Ultimate Fist", "Grand ultimate fist." An internal system of kung fu, also called soft boxing, characterized by its deliberately slow, continuous, circular, well-balanced and rhythmic movements.

Tan tien: "Sea of chi." The psychic center located just below the naval, which protects the center of gravity and produces a reservior of force upon which to draw. Also known as "tan den."

Tao or Dao (dow) - (Natural) Way, Way of the Universe

Wing chun: "Beautiful springtime." A form of Chinese kung fu that centers around strong linear punches and centerline movement.

Wushu: "War arts." A highly gymnastic, traditional sport-like artform characterized by several styles.

Xingyiquan: A northern Chinese style created by Yue Fei during the Song dynasty. This internal style contains short simple forms and is based on the five elements of Chinese cosmology.

XMA - "Xtreme Martial Arts", characterized by flipping kicks, and lacking practicality

Zen: The discipline of enlightenment related to the Buddhist doctrine that emphasizes meditation, discipline, and the direct transmition of teachings from master to student.

Zhan Zhuang (jon*joo*ong)- Literally "Standing Stake", a series of standing postures to develop internal power

Thanks to forum monkeys Silver_Archer, Talyn, Ankh, and Alhireth-Hotep for some of the definitions.



Permanent and non-revocable permission has been granted for the Veritas Society to publish this article.
« Last Edit: June 05, 2013, 01:39:40 PM by Koujiryuu »
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February 28, 2007, 02:24:34 PM
Reply #1

DJINN 2

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Hi;
New to  forum!
While in China --We did not have the letter P!

so the term pa gau is not authentic but a slang & not china made!

B was the letter! BagauZhan is correct!
I was at the Cloud Forest Temple learning Gung fu!Or Hard work if you will!

If I say Gung fu hot! I'm a cook!
I was Gung fu Hoquan or Hochaun--fight style of the Monkey! :cool: :cool: :cool: