The True Nature of PsiIntroduction
This article is intended to clear up the common misconceptions which exist about the nature and mechanisms of psi. This article first disputes common ideas about psi which are contradicted by the scientific evidence, and then attempts to present a more reasonable description of how psi operates. The proposed description corresponds to the experiences of performing psi, and does not contradict the scientific evidence about the properties of psi.Psi and Electromagnetism
The strongest pieces of evidence that psi is not electromagnetic are the following items from controlled studies (all of which can be found in the scientific literature at a good library, or you can check the references at the end *):1.
Psi cannot be shielded by a faraday cage, lead wall, concrete wall, or by large amounts of dirt. Electromagnetic radiation, by comparison, is shielded by each of these.2.
Psi does not change in effectiveness or targetting with distance. Electromagnetic radiation, by comparison, weakens in strength by one over the distance squared, or in the case of directed radiation suffers an identical weakening of aiming.3.
Psi does not change in effectiveness when the subject and target are placed forward or backward in time with respect to each other. Electromagnetic radiation, by comparison, only ever moves forward in time from source to destination.
The two most common misconceptions seem to be, firstly, that ultra low frequency electromagnetic radiation fits the scientific evidence. It of course does not. It does remedy most of the problems with item 1 above, but does not at all address items 2 and 3. The second common misconception is that somehow "biochemical", "bioelectric", or "biomagnetic" energy can remedy these problems. This is not the case, because each of these three things are nothing more than electromagnetic interaction in living objects, and thus are subject to the same conditions as above.
All of currently known physics consists of four known forces, the strong, weak, electromagnetic, and gravitational forces. Not one of these four forces even closely fits the known scientific evidence of how psi functions. As a consequence, it must be concluded that psi functions by means of a medium which is not due to one of these four forces. At present, no accepted theory exists in physics which can accomodate these properties. In order for physics to explain the mechanism of psi, it will need to expand beyond its current level of knowledge.Psi and the Brain
In addition, I would like to address the often proposed theory that psi is a function of the physical brain. First, the most obvious counterargument for this is that the physical brain is a biochemical organism which processes information by electrochemical impulses. Thus the entirety of the brain's function is electromagnetic, and falls directly under the conditions described above which prohibit psi from being due to electromagnetism.
The second counterargument for psi as a function of the physical brain is that information in psi seems to be received and transmitted at a conceptual level, rather than exclusively at a linguistic or visual level. In order to explain this as a function of the physical brain, there would have to be something fundamental about the wiring of each concept in each person, yet we know from neuroscience that there are enormous variations in how concepts are stored in each brain. Each concept is stored as a collection of neurons throughout the brain being activated simultaneously, and which collection of neurons are activated is different for each person. As a consequence, the brain does not have a conceptual standard for relaying this information. Therefore, psi information must be relayed by something which can convey conceptual information directly, and this is not the brain.So What is Psi?
The essence of the human mind can be divided into two categories, the physical brain (an electrochemical organism) and a non-physical component which is not restricted to spatiotemporal interaction. The standard English term for the non-physical component of the self is the "soul", and by the above argument it must be this non-physical component which is responsible for psi.
I define the soul as "the part of ourselves which performs psi, which separates from the body during out of body experiences, and which continues existing after the death of the physical body."
From the conditions imposed by out of body experiences, we know that the soul must be separable from the body. In addition, from the experiments involving use of psi across distances and across time, we know that the soul must be able to extend and relocate itself throughout space and time without regard for the amount of intervening distance or time, and without regard for any physical barriers placed in between two positions.
From the understanding of how telepathy functions, it can be deduced that the soul is capable of processing conceptual information, yet in a significantly different way than the brain processes information. A thorough understanding of this can only be achieved by experiencing it, but a rudimentary description can be made. The brain processes information by considering options, weighing lessons learned from past experiences, and then eventually a response becomes active. By comparison the soul becomes shaped by the experiences of living, and decisions in the soul just "are".
The soul can be considered to be more "us" than the brain, as the soul is the more lasting and central component of our identity. This is similar to the argument which says that the brain is more "us" than the arm.
The abilities of psi: sensing the world, changing the world, and communicating with others, are all exclusively performed by the soul. However, the physical brain has a key role in this, as it holds the conscious and subconscious thoughts which shape, direct, and interpret the performance of psi.
When psi is performed in a controlled manner, the psion forms an intent or plan in the conscious mind, and then forms this intent in the soul, perhaps with the assistance of the subconscious mind. In the case of the sensing abilities, the soul receives conceptual input which is then passed into the physical brain for interpretation by the brain. Psi abilities can also occur in a less controlled fashion, as the soul, being more central to who we are, can perform psi without the instruction or guidance of the brain.
In either case, however, the actual performance of psi is done by the soul, and the brain is left to guide and interpret the soul, just as the soul in turn guides and learns from the brain. * Example references covering the three points